Sexually Transmitted Infections, HIV Infection and AIDS

         The Regional Committee,

         Having considered the annual report on sexually transmitted infections (STIs), HIV infection and AIDS;*

         Noting the expected increase in HIV infections and AIDS cases in the Region, and the potential impact on people and health systems;

         Noting the initial successes of condom promotion and health education programmes targeting commercial sex workers and their clients in selected countries of the Region;

         Acknowledging that antiretroviral therapies might have a role in treatment of AIDS patients, in post-exposure prophylaxis, and in reduction of mother-to-child transmission, but that their role will be limited by current costs, among other factors;

  1. URGES Member States:
    (1) to further strengthen STI and HIV prevention and control programmes, particularly condom and health education programmes targeting commercial sex workers, their clients, and youth at risk, and harm reduction programmes targeting injecting drug users;
    (2) to secure political commitment and to mobilize additional resources for these programmes within an integrated approach;
    (3) to strengthen the epidemiological surveillance of STIs, HIV infection, AIDS and related bloodborne infections;
  2. REQUESTS the Regional Director:
    (1) to further strengthen technical collaboration with Member States, in particular those facing increasing numbers of infections, in the prevention and control of STIs and HIV/AIDS, including guidance in developing appropriate legislation, and to strengthen the technical capability within WHO;
    (2) to continue to improve the regional surveillance system for STIs, HIV, AIDS and related bloodborne infections;
    (3) to continue to strengthen WHO participation in UNAIDS theme group activities at country level, and coordination with UNAIDS at regional and national levels;
    (4) to encourage the facilitate the exchange of social and behavioural research to enable prevention measures to be targeted more effectively;
    (5) to continue to identify and mobilize resources for STI and HIV/AIDS activities in collaboration with other partners;
    (6) to continue to report annually to the Regional Committee on the situation of STIs and HIV/AIDS in the Region and on collaboration with UNAIDS.

* WPR/RC50/7

16 September 1999

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