Forty-fifth session


Eradication of Poliomyelitis in the Region

         The Regional Committee,

         Recalling resolutions WPR/RC39.R15, WPR/RC41.R5, WPR/RC42.R3, WPR/RC43.R3, and WPR/RC44.R4, which call for the eradication of poliomyelitis in the Western Pacific Region by the year 1995, and resolution WHA46.33, which reaffirms WHO's commitment to the eradication of poliomyelitis as one of its highest priorities for global health work;

         Having considered the progress report of the Regional Director on the eradication of poliomyelitis in the Region;*

         Acknowledging achievements made by Member States in eradicating poliomyelitis;

         Recognizing and appreciating the energetic leadership provided by the Regional Director;

         Noting the decrease in the number of reported poliomyelitis cases in 1993 to a provisional total of 1214, the lowest ever reported to the Western Pacific Regional Office;

         Noting also that Member States are optimistic of reporting zero poliomyelitis-confirmed cases by the end of 1995;

         Recognizing the dramatic progress towards poliomyelitis eradication made during the last year, with national immunization days held in China, the Lao People's Democratic Republic, the Philippines and Viet Nam, and subnational immunization days held in Cambodia, and with improved disease surveillance and laboratory systems;

         Recognizing also that the poliomyelitis eradication initiative is further strengthening the routine immunization programme and other disease control initiatives, including neonatal tetanus elimination;

  1. EMPHASIZES that it is essential to accelerate the momentum of efforts to eradicate poliomyelitis in the Western Pacific Region by 1995;
  2. URGES all Member States which are still reporting poliomyelitis cases:
    (1) to maintain a high level of political commitment to poliomyelitis eradication;
    (2) to continue to conduct national immunization days during the months of low transmission achieving high coverage in all areas;
    (3) to give equal priority to improving acute flaccid paralysis surveillance and laboratory confirmation of all cases;
  3. URGES also all Member States which are not reporting poliomyelitis cases to develop surveillance systems capable of detecting any poliomyelitis cases and of demonstrating the absence of circulation of wild poliovirus;
  4. THANKS the many partners who have continued to collaborate and provide resources to the Expanded Programme on Immunization and the poliomyelitis eradication initiative, particularly UNICEF, Australia, Canada, France, Japan, Malaysia, and the United States of America, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (United States of America), and Rotary International and other nongovernmental organizations;
  5. REQUESTS the Regional Director:
    (1) to continue to support Member States in urgently improving surveillance and laboratory systems, in strengthening the Expanded Programme on Immunization, and in conducting properly planned supplementary immunization activities;
    (2) to continue to collaborate with partner agencies in mobilizing additional resources for poliomyelitis eradication;
    (3) to continue to share experiences on poliomyelitis eradication with other regions in order to strengthen the global poliomyelitis eradication effort;
    (4) to build on the success of the poliomyelitis eradication initiative to strengthen the Expanded Programme on Immunization, including other disease control initiatives;
    (5) to identify the necessary procedures in establishing the process of certification of eradication;
    (6) to further strengthen collaboration and technology transfer, strengthening links with technically excellent institutes in the Region to promote self-sufficiency in vaccine production, including strengthening national capabilities in quality control, aiming at meeting WHO standards;
    (7) to ensure the ready availability of vaccines to all Member States for the continuation of immunization beyond 1995.

* WPR/RC45/7

22 September 1994

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